ExoMars Rover – front view, annotated
The 2020 mission of the ExoMars programme will deliver a European rover and a Russian surface platform to the surface of Mars.
ESA's rover, pictured here, will be the first capable of drilling 2 m into Mars, where ancient biomarkers may still be preserved from the harsh radiation environment on the surface. It will collect samples with the drill and deliver them to the Analytical Laboratory Drawer (ALD) in the body of the rover, via the sample delivery window. Within the ALD the samples will be analysed with an infrared spectrometer (MicrOmega), a raman spectrometer (RLS), and the Mars organics molecule analyser (MOMA) instrument.
The drill, shown here with the front casing of the drill box removed to reveal the interior, also contains the Mars Multispectral Imager for Subsurface Studies, Ma_MISS, which will image the walls of the borehole created by the drill to study the mineralogy and rock formation.
PanCam, the panoramic camera, will provide stereo and 3D imagery of the terrain around the rover.
The Infrared Spectrometer for ExoMars, ISEM, will determine the major mineral composition of distant rocks, outcrops, and soils.
The Close-Up Imager, CLUPI, will acquire high-resolution, colour, close-up images of outcrops, rocks, soils, drill fines and drill core samples.
WISDOM (for Water Ice and Subsurface Deposit Observation On Mars), a ground-penetrating radar, and Adron, a neutron detector to search for subsurface water and hydrated materials, are not visible in this image.
Navigation cameras and localisation cameras are used to determine where the rover is and where it will move.
ExoMars is a joint endeavour between ESA and Roscosmos, with important contribution from NASA.